The Development of the Energy Sector in Morocco’s Southern Regions:
Morocco is dedicating considerable efforts to the expansion of its energy portfolio its Southern Provinces. While the electrical capacity in 1975 did not exceed 7 megawatts, it now reaches more than 1700 MW, of which more than 1300 MW comes from renewable energy sources.
Investment in the Southern Provinces of Morocco has been significant. More than 3 billion dollars have been invested in the water, electricity and liquid purification sectors in the three regions of the Moroccan Sahara, since their return to the mother country in 1975.
Owing to the efforts made in this field, these Provinces currently have a total operational capacity from wind energy of 760.64 MW, i.e. 53.2% of the total installed capacity in wind energy in Morocco (1430 MW), while a capacity of 1153.5 MW is in the process of being built, i.e. 54.8% of the total capacity under development in wind energy in Morocco (2104 MW).
At the same time, these Provinces currently have a total operational capacity from solar energy of 105 MW, i.e. 12.65% of the total installed capacity in solar energy in Morocco (830 MW), while a capacity of 380 MW is in the implementation phase, i.e. 20.76% of the total capacity under development in solar energy in Morocco (1830 MW).
These energy projects are reinforcing the enjoyment of rights in the Southern Provinces in an indivisible and interdependent manner. The Moroccan Southern Provinces are at a crossroads between a growing energy demand in both the North and the South of Morocco. The potential of these regions is to meet the pressing needs for decarbonized energy in a context of widespread geopolitical uncertainty.