Why should the world force Algeria to bear its responsibility in Western Sahara issue?
Algeria's role in the Western Sahara issue is a matter of debate, but it is widely acknowledged that Algeria cannot be seen as a mere observant party to the conflict, but rather as a direct party. There are several reasons for this.
Firstly, Algeria has historically been a staunch supporter of the Polisario Front, the group that seeks independence for Western Sahara. Algeria has provided diplomatic, political, and military support to the Polisario Front, including hosting and training its fighters. The Polisario Front's headquarters are located in Tindouf, a town in southwestern Algeria, and Algeria has been accused of using this location as a base to exert influence on the conflict.
In 19 November 1975, Algeria sent a letter to the UN Secretary General affirming that "All the parties concerned" about #WesternSahara issue are: Spain, Algeria, Mauritania and Morocco.
Algeria's involvement in the conflict has also been acknowledged by the United Nations. The United Nations considers Algeria as a "party to the conflict" in the Western Sahara, along with Morocco and the Polisario Front. Algeria has been invited to participate in all UN-led negotiations on the Western Sahara conflict, including the ongoing talks aimed at finding a solution to the conflict.
The Algeria was mentioned in the last resolutions of the United Nations Council of Security of the United Nations in particular the resolution 2602, it has mentioned the same number of times as Morocco, and the UNSC makes it a main part of this conflict, it even set out to be the main part of this Different Regional, in its letter dates from November 1975, the former Ambassador at the UN has declared that the parties concerned and interested are Spain Algeria and Mauritania, This is instructed in the S/11881 document of the UN.
Western Sahara conflict has had a significant impact on Algeria's domestic and foreign policies. The conflict has been a major factor in shaping Algeria's relations with neighboring countries and has influenced its regional and global policies. Algeria has supported the independence of Western Sahara as a means of promoting its own national security interests and of projecting itself as a leader in the African continent.
Algeria has officially reacted to all the proposals made by the UN Secretary General and his Special Envoy to Western Sahara, as well as Morocco, also it has officially refused the framework agreement proposed by former personal envoy , the letter to the UN Secretary-General in this regard is reflected in the Secretary-General's report to the Security Council. James Baker
Algeria cut its diplomatic ties and takes economic retaliation against the countries supporting Morocco Initiative of Autonomy, for example Algiers recalled its ambassador to Spain for consultations in December 2020, citing "deep dissatisfaction" with Spain's decision to recognize Moroccan sovereignty over Western Sahara, it suspended 20-year-old friendship treaty, blocked for some times flights between the two countries and postponed the 6th Algerian-Spanish High-Level Meeting, but the most important was stopping the imports from Spain.
On 2 November 2001 in Houston, Algeria submitted to the Personal Envoy of the then Secretary-General, Mr James Baker, for the partition of the territory of the Western Sahara and its population, with Morocco, the Kingdom rejected the idea categorically. a proposal
Western Sahara issue has had a significant impact on Algeria's domestic and foreign policies. The conflict has been a major factor in shaping Algeria's relations with neighboring countries and has influenced its regional and global policies. Algeria has supported the independence of Western Sahara as a means of promoting its own national security interests and of projecting itself as a leader in the African continent.
In conclusion, Algeria's historical ties with the Polisario, its border dispute with Morocco, its support for the SADR, and the United Nations resolutions make it a direct party to the Western Sahara conflict, rather than a mere observer.